Feminine singular Demonstrative Pronoun of proximity | هَذِهِ

Feminine singular Demonstrative Pronoun of proximity | هَذِهِ

Definition of the feminine singular Demonstrative Pronoun of proximity

 

Welcome to our free course to learn the Arabic language. This lesson will be about the feminine singular demonstrative pronoun. If you remember, we saw that in our first Arabic free course, the demonstrative pronoun – الْاِسْمُ الْإِشَارَةُ is the English equivalent of “this., these, that”.

Also, they are of two types:

  • لِلْقَرِيْبِ  for a close thing or person
  • لَلْبَعِيْدِ  for distant ones

However, in Arabic, demonstrative pronouns have different forms for the singular, the dual, and the plural. Also, they differ depending on the nominal gender they precede. Thus, if the name is feminine, the demonstrative pronoun will also be feminine, although there are some exceptions to this rule, as discussed later inshAllah.

For masculine singular demonstrative pronoun, you know already that for proximity, you use هَذَا and for distance, you use ذَلِكَ.

In this lesson, you will learn that the singular demonstrative pronoun of proximity is هَذِهِ.

 

Dialogue

 

هذا ابْنُ حامِدٍ و هَذِهِ بِنْتُ يَاسِرٍ.

This is the daughter of Hamid, and this is the daughter of Yasir.

اِبْنُ حامدٍ جَالِسٌ و بِنْتُ ياسرٍ واقِفَةٌ.

The son of Hamid is sitting, and the daughter of Yasir is standing.

مَن هَذِهِ؟

Who is this?

engineer - feminine pronoun

هَذِهِ أُخْتُ الْمُهَنْدِسِ.

This is the sister of the engineer.

أَ هِيَ أَيْضاً مُهَنْدِسَةٌ؟

Is she also an engineer?

لا, هِيَ طَبِييْبَةٌ.

No, she is a medical doctor.

this is a car - feminine pronoun

سَيَّارَةُ مَنْ هَذِهِ؟

Of who is this car?

هَذِهِ سَيَّارَةُ الْمُديرِ.

This is the car of the director.

ما هذه؟

What is this?

this is an iron - feminine pronoun

هذه مِكْوَاةٌ.

This is an iron.

لِمَنْ هذه؟

To who belongs this?

هذه لِخالِدٍ.

This belongs to Hamid.

this is a bicyle

أَ دَرَّاجَةُ أَنَسٍ هذه؟

Is this bicycle of Anas?

لا, هذه درَّاجَةُ عمَّارٍ. هذه جَدِيْدَةٌ, و درَّاجةُ أَنَسٍ قَدِيْمَةٌ.

No, this is the bicycle of Ammar. This is new, and the bicycle of Anas is old.

this is a watch - feminine pronoun

هذه  سَاعَةُ عَلِيٍ. هِيَ جَمِيْلَةٌ جِداً.

This is Ali’s watch. It is very beautiful.

هذه مِلْعَقَةٌ و هذه قِدْرٌ. الْمِلْعَقَةُ في القَدْرِ.

This is a spoon, and this is a pot. The spoon is in the pot.

this is a cow

هذه بَقَرَةُ الْفَلَّاحِ.

This is the cow of the farmer.

2. human body parts and the pronoun هذه

 

When you want to describe a human body in Arabic, if this body part is in double (eyes, ears, feet, etc.), you will use the feminine singular Demonstrative Pronoun of proximity هَذَهَ. Nevertheless, if this body part is single (nose, mouth, etc.), you will use the demonstrative pronoun هَذَا.

 

Examples:

 

 

this is a nose

this is a mouth - feminine pronoun

هذأ أَنْفٌ و هذا فَمٌّ.

This is a nose, and this is a mouth.

this is an ear

this is a foot

هذه أُذُنٌ و هَذه عَيْنٌ و هذه يدٌّ و هذه رِجْلٌ.

This is an ear, this is an eye, this is a hand, and this is a foot.

 


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3. Preposition

 

In our dialogue, you can learn a new preposition لِ which means “belong to Examples:

 

لِمَنْ هذه؟

To who belongs this?

هذه لِخالِدٍ.

This belongs to Hamid.

As you can see, when the preposition precedes an interrogative article لِمَنْ, the particle does not change case. But if the preposition لِ precedes a noun “خالِدٌ,” then the noun takes the genitive case and carries a kasrah .

4. Feminine noun

 

In Arabic, you can easily create a feminine from a masculine noun. Indeed, you can simply add the letter called “ta marboota ة to the end of the masculine noun. For example:

 

طَبِيْبٌ = a male medical doctor

طَبِيبَةٌ = a female medical doctor

 

مُهَنْدِسٌ = a male engineer

مُهَنْدِسَةٌ = a female engineer

 

Conclusion

 

In this Arabic free course, you have learned the following points:

  • how to use the feminine singular Demonstrative Pronoun of proximity – هَذِهِ.
  • how to use a demonstrative pronoun to describe the human body parts
  • a new preposition لِ
  • how to create a feminine noun

 

In the next lesson, inshAllah, we will discover how to use the feminine singular demonstrative pronoun of distance تَلْكَ.

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