Masculine singular Demonstrative Pronoun | هَذَا – ذَلِكَ

Masculine singular Demonstrative Pronoun | هَذَا – ذَلِكَ

Welcome to our first lesson to learn the Arabic language. This lesson will be about the masculine singular demonstrative pronoun. Thus, the demonstrative pronoun – الْاِسْمُ الْإِشَارَةُ is the English equivalent of “this., these, that”. Also, they are of two types:

  • لِلْقَرِيْبِ  for a close thing or person
  • لَلْبَعِيْدِ  for distant ones

However, in Arabic, demonstrative pronouns have different forms for the singular, the dual, and the plural. Also, they differ depending on the nominal gender they precede. Thus, if the name is feminine, the demonstrative pronoun will also be feminine, although there are some exceptions to this rule, as discussed later inshAllah.

 

1. Masculine singular Demonstrative Pronoun of proximity: هَذَا – This

 

هَذَا means this, this one, this / this. It is a masculine singular demonstrative pronoun of proximity. Thus, it usually precedes the masculine singular word to which it relates.

Note :
The first syllable of the demonstrative pronoun “هَذَا ” is long, although its elongation is not marked in writing.

 

For example:

 

a door

هَذَا بَابٌ

This is a door

Mosque of Madinah - Masculine singular Demonstrative Pronoun

 

هَذا مَسْجِدٌ

This is a mosque

 

grey key

هَذا مِفْتَاحٌ

This is a key

 

a big house

 

هَذَا بَيْتٌ

This is a house.

 

open book - Masculine singular Demonstrative Pronoun

هَذا كِتَابٌ

This is a book.

 

grey pen

هَذَا قَلَمٌ

This is a pen.

 

grey desk - Masculine singular Demonstrative Pronoun

هَذا مَكْتَبٌ

This is a desk.

 

 

brown and black chair
هَذَا كُرْسِيٌّ
This is a chair

 

 

 


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The al Madina Center for Arabic is the first language school specializing in teaching Arabic to non-Arabic speakers, based in Medina, Saudi Arabia.


2. The Interrogation in Arabic

 

If you want to ask a question in Arabic, so you need to add an interrogative article – أَدَاةُ الإسْتِفْهَامِ.

 

What is this? مَا هَذَا

 

مَا: before the demonstrative pronoun means “What.” Thus, if you want to say, “what is this” you say in Arabic “مَا هَذَا.

 

 

Is…? – أَ

 

أَ: before the demonstrative pronoun means “Is…”. Thus, if you want to say, “Is it…” you say in Arabic, “أَ هَذَا.

 

Note: In Arabic, if you want to say “yes,” you can use the expression “نَعَمْ.” Likewise, when you want to say “no,” you can use “لَا.”

 

For example:

 

a big house - Masculine singular Demonstrative Pronoun

 

مَا هَذَ؟ هَذَا بَيْتٌ

What is this? This is a house.

أَ هَذَا بَيْتٌ؟ نَعَمْ هَذَا بَيْتٌ

Is it a house? Yes, this is a house.

 

 

blue shirt - Masculine singular Demonstrative Pronoun

 

مَا هَذا ؟ هَذَا قَمِيْصٌ.

What is this? This is a shirt.

 

 

brown and black chair

أَ هَذا سَرِيْرٌ ؟ لَا, هَذَا كُرْسِيٌّ.

Is this a bed? No, this is a chair.

grey penأَ هَذا مِفْتَاحٌ ؟ لَا, هَذَا قَلَمٌ.

Is this a key? No, this is a pen

 

a black star - Masculine singular Demonstrative Pronoun

مَا هَذا ؟ هَذَا نَجْمٌ.

What is this? This is a star.

 

Who is this? – مَنْ هَذَا

 

If you want to ask a question to identify a person, we mean here a human being, you can utilize the interrogative article “مَنْ, which means “Who.”

 

a medical doctor

مَنْ هَذا ؟ هَذَا طَبِيْبٌ.

Who is this? This is a medical doctor.

 

a child with a camera in the nature - Masculine singular Demonstrative Pronoun

مَنْ هَذا ؟ هَذَا وَلَدٌ.

Who is this? This is a child.

 

a student with a computer

مَنْ هَذا ؟ هَذَا طَالِبٌ.

Who is this? This is a student.

 

imam making du'a - Masculine singular Demonstrative Pronoun

 أَهَذا وَلَدٌ؟ لا, هَذَا رَجُلٌ.

Is this a child? No, this is a man.

 

 

business man with a pen

مَنْ هَذَا ؟ هَذَا تَاجِرٌ.

.Who is this? This is a merchant

 

donkey - Masculine singular Demonstrative Pronoun

هَذَا حِمارٌ

This is a Donkey

smiling dog - Masculine singular Demonstrative Pronoun

هَذَا كَلْبٌ

This is a dog.

 

small cat

لا, هَذَا قِطٌ.أَ هَذَا كَلْبٌ ؟

Is this a dog? No, this is a cat.

 

grey horse

أَهَذَا حِمَارٌ؟ لا, هَذَا حِصَانٌ.

Is this a donkey? No, this is a horse.

 

وَ مَا هَذَا ؟ هَذَ جَمَلٌ

And what is this? This is a camel.

 

beautiful rooster

مَا هَذَا ؟ هَذَ دِيْكٌ

What is this? This is a rooster.

 

arabic teacher

 مَنْ هَذَا ؟ هَذَ مُدَرِّسٌ

Who is this? This is a teacher.

white handkerchief

أَ هَذَا قَمِيْصٌ؟ لا, هَذَا مِنْدِيْلٌ. 

Is this a shirt? No, this is a handkerchief.

 

3. Masculine singular Demonstrative Pronoun of distance: ذَلِكَ – That

 

The demonstrative pronoun “that” in Arabic is “ذَلِكَ.” It is a masculine singular demonstrative pronoun of distance. Also, it usually precedes the masculine singular word to which it relates.

 

For example:

 

a black star

 ما ذَلِكَ ؟ ذَلِكَ نَجْمٌ.

What is that? That is a star.

 

a big house

Mosque of Madinah

 

هَذَا مَسْجِدٌ و ذَلِكَ بَيْتٌ

This a mosque and that is a house.

 

grey donkey

grey horse

 

هَذَا حِصَانٌ و ذَلِكَ حِمَارٌ

This a horse and that is a donkey.

 

small cat - Masculine singular Demonstrative Pronoun

 

أَ ذَلِكَ كَلْبٌ ؟ لا, ذَلِكَ قِطٌ.

Is that a dog? No, that is a cat.

 

wood bed

مَا ذَلِكَ ؟ ذَلِكَ سَرِيْرٌ.

What is that? That is a bed.

 

imam making du'a

arabic teacher

 

مَنْ هَذَا وَ مَنْ ذَلِكَ؟ هَذَا مُدَرِسٌ و ذَلِكَ إِمَامٌ

How is this and how is that? This a teacher and that is an imam.

 

 

grey stone - Masculine singular Demonstrative Pronoun

مَا ذَلِكَ ؟ ذَلِكَ حَجَرٌ.

What is that? That is a stone.

 

milk - Masculine singular Demonstrative Pronoun

sugar cube - Masculine singular Demonstrative Pronoun

 

هَذَا سُكَّرٌ و ذَلِكَ لَبَنٌ

This a sugar and that is milk.

 

Conclusion of the masculine singular demonstrative Pronoun

 

In that first lesson, you have learned how to employ the masculine singular demonstrative pronoun in the Arabic language. Thus we use in Arabic:

  • هَذَا – The masculine singular demonstrative pronoun of proximity.
  • ذَلِكَ – The masculine singular demonstrative pronoun of distance.

 

Also, you have learned how to ask questions. Indeed, now you know how to say:

  • مَا  – what is
  • أَ – Is
  • مَنْ – Who

This first lesson is now completed. The Next Arabic free lesson will be about the definite article in the Arabic language.

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