The adjectives – النَّعْتُ و المَنْعُوْتُ | Arabic free courses

The adjectives – النَّعْتُ و المَنْعُوْتُ | Arabic free courses

1. Introduction to the Arabic adjectives

 

Welcome to our new Arabic free course. In that lesson, you are going to learn how to create and use adjectives – نَعْتٌ in the Arabic language. Also, you will study inshAllah:

 

  • Nouns that never carry a Tanweenالْمَمْنُوْعُ مِنْ الصَّرْفِ

  • the adverb of place – عِنْدَ

  • how to use relative pronouns الذي

 

2. Dialogue 1

 

مَنْ هَذَا الرَّجُلُ ؟

Who is this man?

هو عباسٌ. 

He is Abbas.

عبَّاسٌ تاجِرٌ غَنِيٌّ.

Abbas is a rich merchant.

حامِدٌ مدرِّسٌ.

Hamid is a teacher.

حامِدٌ مدرِّسٌ جَدِيْدٌ.

Hamid is a new teacher.

red apple - adjectives in arabic

ما هذا ؟

What is this?

هذا تُفَّاحٌ.

This an apple.

التُّفاحُ فاكِهَةٌ لَذِيْذَةٌ.

The apple is a tasty fruit.

ما ذلك؟

What is that?

a tit is a small bird - adjectives in arabic

ذلك عُصْفُوْرٌ.

That is a tit.

العُصْفُوْرُ طائِرٌ صَغِيْرٌ.

The tit is a small bird.

Arabis is an easy language - adjectives in arabic

اَلْعَرَبِيَّةُ لُغَةٌ سَهْلَةٌ.

Arabic is an easy language.

العَرَبِيَّةُ لُغَةٌ جَمِيْلَةٌ.

Arabic is a beautiful language.

عَمَّارٌ طَالِبٌ مُجْتَهِدٌ و مَحْمُودٌ طالِبٌ كَسْلانُ.

Ammar is an assiduous student, and Mahmood is a lazy student.

مَنْ أَنْتَ؟

Who are you?

أَنا طَالِبٌ.

I am a student.

أَ أَنْتَ طَالِبٌ جَدِيْدٌ؟

Are you a new student?

نَعَمْ. أَنا طَالِبٌ جَدِيْدٌ.

Yes. I am a new student.

 


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The al Madina Center for Arabic is the first language school specializing in teaching Arabic to non-Arabic speakers, based in Medina, Saudi Arabia.


3. Adjectives in Arabic

 

In English or Arabic, if you want to make the description of a noun, you can use an adjective – نَعْتٌ.  The adjective describes one of the characteristics of the noun that it precedes. This noun is called مَنْعُوْتٌ.

 

The adjective follows the described noun in:

  • gender

Example:

العَرَبِيَّةُ لُغَةٌ جَمِيْلَةٌ.

Arabic is a beautiful language.

In this example, the described noun and the adjective are feminine.

  • the number

Example:

 

العُصْفُوْرُ طائِرٌ صَغِيْرٌ.

The tit is a small bird.

Here, the described noun and the adjective are singular.

  • the case

Example:

 

اَلْعَرَبِيَّةُ لُغَةٌ سَهْلَةٌ.

Arabic is an easy language.

The described noun and adjective are in the nominative case (tanween dammah).

 

  • indefinite or definite

Example:

أَنا طَالِبٌ جَدِيْدٌ.

I am a new student.

The described noun and the adjective are indefinite.

3. Nouns that never carry a Tanween – الْمَمْنُوْعُ مِنْ الصَّرْفِ

 

In Arabic, some nouns never carry a tanween. Also, in the genitive case, they do not carry a Kasrah but a fatha.

Examples:

مَحْمُودٌ طالِبٌ كَسْلانُ.

Mahmood is a lazy student.

The word “كَسْلانُ” does not carry a tanween but a simple dammah in the nominative case.

Also, we have studied the feminine proper nouns as عائِشَةُ or زَيْنَبُ. They are also of الْمَمْنُوْعُ مِنْ الصَّرْفِ category.

4. Dialogue 2

 

أَيْنَ المُدَرَّسُ ؟

Where is the teacher?

هُو فِي الْفَصْلِ.

He is in the classroom.

و أَيْنَ الْمُدَرِّسُ الْجَدِيْدُ؟

And where is the new teacher?

هو عِنْدَ المُدِيرِ.

He is at the director.

أَيْنَ الطالبُ الجديدُ؟

Where is the new student?

ذهب إلى المَكْتَبَةِ.

He went to the library.

مَن ذلك الرجلُ الطويلُ الذي خَرَجَ الْآنَ مِن الفَصْلِ؟

Who is that tall man who when outside now from the classroom?

هو ابن المُديرِ الجديدِ.

He is the son of the new director.

لِمَنْ تلك السيارةُ الجَمِيْلَةُ؟

To who belongs the beautiful car?

هِي للمديرِ الجديدِ.

It belongs to the new director.

لِمَنْ هذا الْكِتَابُ الكَبِيرُ؟ أَ هُوَ للمُدِيرِ؟

To who belongs the big book? Is it belongs to the director?

لا. هو للطالبِ الجَديدِ.

No. It belongs to the new student.

أَيْنَ المِلعَقَةُ الصغِيرَةُ؟

Where is the small spoon?

هي في الكُوْبِ.

It is in the glass.

أيْنَ الكرسيُّ المَكْسُوْرُ؟

Where is the broken chair?

هو هُناك.

It is there.

5. Adverb of place – عِنْدَ

 

We have learned in the previous lesson how to use in Arabic the adverbs of place. In that dialogue, we discover a new adverb of place: عِنْدَ, which means “at

Example:

هو عِنْدَ المُدِيرِ.

He is at the director.

You can see that the word “المُدِيرِ” is at the genitive case and carry a Kasrah.

6. The relative pronouns – الاِسْمُ الْمَوْصُوْلُ

 

The relative pronoun – الاِسْمُ الْمَوْصُوْلُ is a constructive noun that comes to connect to speech, especially to associate nouns with verbs.

Example:

 

مَن ذلك الرجلُ الطويلُ الذي خَرَجَ الْآنَ مِن الفَصْلِ؟

Who is that tall man who when outside now from the classroom?

 

The relative pronoun الذي is used for the masculine singular construction.

 

Conclusion

 

In this Arabic free lesson, you have learned:

 

  • the adjectives – النَّعْتُ
  • Nouns that never carry a Tanweenالْمَمْنُوْعُ مِنْ الصَّرْفِ

  • the adverb of place – عِنْدَ

  • how to use relative pronouns

 

This free Arabic course is now completed. InshAllah, you will discover in the next lesson how to use personal pronouns in Arabic.

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