The second-person in arabic | Arabic free courses

The second-person in arabic | Arabic free courses

1. Introduction

 

Welcome to our new Arabic free courses. In this lesson, you will learn inshAllah how to use the second-person in Arabic. The second person can be indicated with an attached or detached pronoun. Also, we will study the relative pronouns and the verb’s subject in Arabic.

 

Firstly, let’s read our new dialogue:

 

2. Dialogue

سُعَادُ : السَّلامُ عَلَيْكِ و رَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ و بَرَكَاتُهُ

Suad: As salam alayki wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh

 

البِنْتُ: و عليكِ السَّلامُ و رحمة اللَّه و بركاتُهُ

The girl: wa alayki as salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh

كَيْفَ حالُكَ يا بِنْتُ؟

How are you o girl ?

أنا بخَيرٍ و الحَمْدُ لِلَّه.

I am fine, walhamdulillah

مِنْ أَيْنَ أَنْتَ؟

From where do you come from ?

أَنا من الرِياضِ.

I am from Riyadh.

ما اسْمُكِ؟

What is your name?

اِسْمِي آمِنَةُ.

My name is Aminah.

أيْنَ أُمُّكِ؟

Where is your mother?

هي أَيضًا هنا. هي طبيبة في مستشفى الوِلادة.

She is also here. She is a medical doctor at the maternity hospital.

و مِن هذه الفَتاةُ الَّتِي مَعَكَ؟ أ هي أُخْتُكِ؟

And from where is this young girl who is with you? Is she your sister?

لا. هي بنتُ عَمِّي.

No, she is my cousin (the daughter of my uncle).

ما اسْمُها؟

What is her name

اِسْمُهَا فاطِمَةُ?

Her name is Fatima.

أَ هي زَمِيْلَتُكِ؟

Is she your colleague?

لا. أنا في المَدْرَسَةِ الْمُتَوَسَّطَةِ و هي في الْمَدْرَسَةِ الثَّانَوِيَّةِ.

No. I am in the average school, and she is in secondary school.

أَ لَكِ أُخْتٌ؟

Do you have a sister?

لا. ما لي أُخْتٌ.

No. I don’t have a sister.

أَلَكِ أَخٌ؟

Do you have a brother?

نَعَمْ لِي أَخ كبير و هو طالبٌ بَالجامِعَةِ.

Yes, I have an older brother, and he is a student at the university.

و من هذا الطِفْلُ الذي مَعَكِ؟

And who is the young boy who is with you?

هو ابنُ أَخي.

He is my nephew (the son of my brother).

ما اسْمُه؟

What is his name?

اِسْمُهُ سَعْدٌ.

His name is Sa’d.

أ أمَّكِ في البيتِ الآنَ؟

Is your mother at home now?

لا. ذَهَبَتْ إلى المُسْتَشْفَى.

No. She went to the hospital.

 


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The al Madina Center for Arabic is the first language school specializing in teaching Arabic to non-Arabic speakers, based in Medina, Saudi Arabia.


3. The second-person attached pronoun – ك

 

In the Arabic language, if you remember, there are two types of pronouns, attached and detached. Thus, if you want to indicate the possession, you are going to use the following pronouns:

  • كَ for singular masculine
  • كِ for singular feminine

 

Examples:

 

مَا اسْمُكَ ؟

What is your name?

 

بَيْتُكِ جَمِيْلٌ.

Your house is beautiful.

4. The detached pronouns أنَا – أَنْتَ

 

In Arabic, if you want to say “I,” you can use the detached pronoun “أَنَا.” If you want to say “you,” you can use in the singular masculine “أَنْتَ” and singular feminine “أَنْتِ.”

 

Examples:

 

أَنا طَالِبٌ

I am a student.

 

أَنْتَ تَاجِرٌ

You are a merchant

 

أَنْتِ طَبِيْبَةٌ جَدِيْدَةٌ

You are a new medical doctor.

 

5. the subject of the verb – الْفَاعِلُ

 

The subject – الْفَاعِلُ indicates who the doer of the verb is.

 

  • it comes after the verb

Example:

خَرَخَ مُحَمَّدٌ

Muhammad went out

The word “مُحَمَّدٌ” comes after the verb “خَرَخَ. “

 

  • it is always at the nominative case

 

Example:

 

خَرَخَ مُحَمَّدٌ

Muhammad went out

 

The word “مُحَمَّدٌ” carries a double dammah (tanween), which indicates the nominative case.

 

  • The verb follows the subject in gender.

 

كَتَبَتْ فَاطِمَةُ

Fatima wrote

Fatima” is a feminine noun and is the subject. Thus the verb is also feminine. The sign of feminine gender is the suffixed “ت” to the verb.

 

كَتَبَتْ عَائِشَةُ

Aisha wrote

 

6.The relative pronoun – الاسْمُ المَوْصُوْلُ

 

Relative pronouns الاسْمُ المَوْصُوْلُ relate to or depend on the word before or after them. They indicate a particular thing but do not make complete sense.

  • The relative pronoun “الذي” is used for indicating singular masculine and means”who, which.”
  • the relative pronoun “الَّتِي” is used for indicating singular feminine and means “who, which.”

 

Examples:

 

و من هذا الطِفْلُ الذي مَعَكَ؟

And who is the young boy who is with you?

 

و مِن هذه الفَتاةُ الَّتِي مَعَكَ؟ أ هي أُخْتُكِ؟

And from where is this young girl who is with you? Is she your sister?

 

7. Conclusion

 

This Arabic free lesson is now completed. You have learned how to use:

  • The second-person detached pronoun
  • The verb’s subject
  • The relative pronoun

InshaAllah we will study in the next lesson the plural masculine demonstrative pronoun – هَؤُلاءِ.

 

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