In Islam, Muslims consider al Madinah to be the second holiest city after Makkah. It is an exceptionally peaceful and beautiful city. Islamic history refers it to the ‘City of the Prophet.’ This is where Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) took refuge after migrating from Makkah. He (PBUH) lived there, built his Mosque, started many Islamic traditions, fought pivotal battles, and finally rested. There is no doubt that it is the best site to visit in Madinah.
Whoever visits this city doesn’t want to leave it because of their love and respect for Holy Prophet (PBUH). Indeed, it offers everyone serenity, and they can feel His (PBUH) influence and history at every corner of this city.
This city of Saudi Arabia sees millions of pilgrims and tourists all year. It is rich in Islam’s history and archaeology, offering a wide range of sites to visit and things to do. Thus, to make your journey more memorable, we have enlisted the best sites to visit Madinah.
The best way to see Madinah is to take a tour on the Madinah Hop-On Hop-Off Bus, which starts and ends at the clocktower at Masjid An Nabawi. When you take a tour on this bus, you can also listen to the audio guide in 16 languages. Thus, it will guide you about the history and facts when you visit each place.
1. Al-Masjid An Nabawi
One of the two mosques that can accommodate a million worshipers is ‘Masjid an Nabawi.’ None can ignore this stunning Mosque. Its amazing green dome attracts millions of people from all over the world. This Mosque opens its doors for the whole year and never closes its doors for the Muslims. Consequently, going to this Mosque is a dream of every believer, and getting a chance to visit is no less than a blessing.
It is important for Muslims as it the Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) mosque and is home to his final resting place. In more, it is not just a Mosque but the birthplace of many Islamic traditions and historical events. Millions of pilgrims visit it whilst they perform Hajj and Umrah. Even after that, countless worshippers from all around the world come here to pray because of its undeniable significance.
Every Muslims wish to pray here once in their lifetime. Praying here comes with countless rewards and blessings. Even though many mosques in Madinah, praying at Prophet’s (PBUH) Mosque is the biggest achievement for a Muslim. According to Jabir (R.A), the prophet (PBUH) said:
“One prayer in my mosque is better than one thousand prayers elsewhere, except the Sacred Mosque, and one prayer in the Sacred Mosque is better than one hundred thousand prayers elsewhere.” (reported by ibn Majah)
2. Jannat-al-Baqi – the cemetery of al Baqi
Also known as the “Garden of Heaven,” Jannat-al-Baqi is famous for being the resting place of Prophet Mohammad’s blessed family (known as Ahl-al-Bayt). It is also the first Islamic cemetery of Madinah located near Masjid An Nabawi.
The grandson of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH), Hasan Ibn Ali (R.A), is resting in al Baqi. Some Muslims believe that it is also the resting place of Fatima Zahra (R.A), beloved daughter of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH). It is also the resting place of great scholars as Imam Malik (May Allah has mercy on Him).
3. Masjid-al-Quba – the mosque of Quba
When Holy Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) migrated from Makkah to Madinah, He laid the Mosque foundation. Hence, it is the first Mosque in Islam’s history created by the Prophet (PBUH). That’s the reason why this Mosque has a unique place in the hearts of Muslims.
It is one of the best sites to visit in Madinah. It is a beautiful mosque and has tremendous Islamic importance as Holy Quran has mentioned many points. Also, the reward you get after performing 2 Rakats Nafl in this Masjid is equivalent to performing Umrah. Indeed, the Prophet said:
“The Salat in Masjid Quba is like Umrah.” (reported by At-Tirmidhi)
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The al Madina Center for Arabic is the first language school specializing in teaching Arabic to non-Arabic speakers, based in Medina, Saudi Arabia.
4. Jabal-Uhud – the mountain of Uhud
This is located seven kilometers away from the north of Madinah, where the notorious battle of Uhud was fought. This battle has great worth in Islamic history.
The battle martyrdoms are buried here that includes Prophet Mohammad’s (PBUH) uncle Hamza. Apart from its history, it has so much beauty to offer to the city of Madinah that it sees millions of visitors.
5. Madinah Museum
It is one of the ancient museums of Madinah, the very first in fact. Previously, it used to be an old railway station during the Ottoman reign; then it was converted into this amazing museum. Those who love calligraphy and historical art will love the masterpieces that are displayed in this museum.
This museum represents Islam’s history in the best possible way, and everyone must check this place on their visit to Madinah. There are visual galleries, rare images, and archaeological collections of Madinah. You will get to see at least 2000 artifacts that feature the rich Islamic Heritage. Various calligraphic work and old scripts are also preserved here. It is one of the best sites to visit in Madinah.
Another great thing that you will witness in this museum’s collection is the models that show the complete evolution of Masjid-an-Nabawi and the layout of his sealed tomb’s interior. There is also an original black and red Ottoman mahmal dated 1792. It is a ceremonial hajj palanquin.
6. King Abdul Aziz Library
Located at the west of Masjid-an-Nabawi, this library is famous for its wide range of books on all the topics, either new or old.
It has the precious holding of the anecdote written copies of the Holy Qur’an, heritage manuscripts, along with the manuscripts on different aspects of science and knowledge.
You will find books here that were printed by ancient stone printing. It is considered to be a star building in the era of King Faisal. Those of you who love to discover and explore new facts must visit this library.
Qiblatain is the dual form in Arabic of the word ‘Qibla,’ which means the ‘direction of prayer.’ This Mosque has two directions, one is facing Makkah, and the other is above the entrance. This Mosque is enormous and exceptionally beautiful.
It has a great significance in Islam because Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) received the command from Allah (SWT) to change Qiblah’s direction from ‘Masjid-al-Aqsa’ ‘Kaabah.’ Hence, the name Qiblatain means two prayers’ direction.
8. Al Madinah Old Bazaar
No visit is complete without visiting some shopping. The old bazaar is the most famous market in Madinah.
This market is always crowded and bustling because it has a wide range of things you can buy.
From 1$ to 1000$, you can find stuff of any price range here. People mostly get gold, perfumes, gifts, souvenirs, etc., from here.
9. Salman Farsi’s garden
The garden of Salman Farsi is situated near Quba. It is the garden where he used to work until Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) got him his freedom. Salman Farsi was an eminent companion of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH).
It would be best if you visited this place while you are in Madinah.
10. Jabal Sela – the mountain of Sela
Jabal Sela is where the ‘Battle of the Trench’ was fought back in 5A.H, which gave an important victory to the Muslims. There are six famous mosques at this place that makes it a must-visit place of Madinah.
11. Badr battlefield
This is the place where the battle of Badr was fought. It was the first major battle fought by the Muslims back in 2 A.H and has great significance in Islamic history because only 313 Muslims were fighting against an army of 1000 Quraish, and they won with the help of Allah.
12. Grave of Aminah R.A.
Aminah R.A. is our Prophet Mohammad’s (PBUH) mother. Thus, her grave is situated in Abwa, Madinah. A large number of pilgrims and tourists pay a visit to her grave.
13. Quba Square
It is the area around Masjid-Quba, a great place to take a stroll and discover different shops. People love visiting here during the nights and explore all the shops or walk around.
14. Saqeefa Bani Saeda
Saqeefa Bani Saeda was a roofed building in Madinah that belonged to the clan of Bani Saeda. Previously this tribe was used by famous people to hatch conspiracies or plan robberies.
This place has importance in Islam’s history because after Prophet Mohammad’s demise (PBUH), the first political event took place here. In this event, Abu Bakr (R.A) was selected as the Muslim community’s first caliph and leader. During this event, Ali (R.A) and his companions performed burial ceremonies of the Holy Prophet (PBUH).
Apart from all these places, there are many Mosques in this Holy city where you must offer prayers during your visit to Madinah. Those Mosques and their significance are as follows:
Masjid Al Buhayr – Masjid As-Sajdah
In this Mosque, Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) offered two rakah and observed a prolonged prostration. ‘Sajdah’ is the Arabic word for ‘Prostration’ that is why this Mosque is also called ‘Masjid Sajdah.’
Bani Haram mosque
It is located in the valley of Mount Sela. There is a cave nearby this Mosque where Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) received a revelation from Allah (SWT) and offered prayers.
Abu Bakr Siddiq mosque – Masjid Abu Bakr
It used to be the home of Abu Bakr R.A. His house was demolished and transformed into this Mosque. That’s why it is called Masjid Abu Bakr.
The mosque of Baghala – Masjid Baghala
This used to be where Banu Zafar resided, and now it has transformed into a Mosque. The important thing about this Mosque is that there is a stone near it with the hoof of Holy Prophet Mohammad’s mare.
Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) offered prayers here during the siege of Bani Nadir. This Masjid is named after the incident of Ayyub Ansari (R.A) and his companions were drinking wine. Fadih is the wine derived from dates. After this, Allah SWT revealed the verse of prohibiting intoxicants, and this Mosque marks that incident.
al Ahzab mosque – Masjid al Fath
Also known as ‘Masjid al Ahzab,’ this was where Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) made supplications for three days when the skeptics gathered together in the Ghazwa el Ahzab and attacked Madinah. A trench was dug after the attack. With the prayers of the Prophet (PBUH), Allah granted victory to Muslims.
Ruins of Masjid darrar
This Mosque was built by Muslims who teamed up with Non-Muslims and the Jews of Madinah. The purpose was to make plans for causing trouble to the Muslims. Prophet (PBUH) ordered to destroy and burn this Mosque to save the Muslims. Thus, the ruins of this Masjid are still present for the people to visit there and learn about history.
15. The Deserts of Saleh
These deserts are one of the most beautiful places in Saudi Arabia, where several gigantic caves and tombs are situated. You will find inscriptions and drawings from the ancient on these tombs and caves as Madain Saleh.
Due to this place’s beauty and uniqueness, it is on the UNESCO World Heritage site. If you are going to Madinah, your trip will be incomplete without visiting these deserts.
This place is beautiful and enriched with so much history and gives a tranquil feeling when you visit there.
With so many significant sites to visit in Madinah, you might miss a few, but that is fine. Thus, no matter how many sites you end up going to, you will feel a new kind of peace and tranquility once you visit there.
May Allah gives all of us the chance to visit here and in Madinah. (Amen).